Countries of the World - Sites & Buildings
World Landmarks - West Europe
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West Europe
We'll take a look at spactacular buildings in coutries like Great Britain, France, Germany,Italy, and more!
Big Ben, England

Big Ben is one of London's most famous sites. It is officially named St. Stephen's Tower-but it is more commonly known as Big Ben because of it's 16 ton bell. Since the bell eventually cracked, it was recast to 13.5 tons. The tower was built in 1843 and finished in 1858. The building connected to it is called the Houses of Parliament. Big Ben has rarely failed since being built. Even when the nearby House of Commons was bombed in World War 2, it still kept ringing, and will keep on ringing today.
Eiffel Tower, Paris

Once the tallest building in the world, the Eiffel Tower is one of Paris-and Europe's most famous symbol. The Eiffel a tower was held for the 1889 World Exhibition, and built by Gustave Eiffel. It took almost two years to build, from 1887-1889. 12,000 iron pieces were needed, and 7 million nails. The tower rises 984 feet. No trip to Paris is complete without seeing this wonderful landmark. It has become the symbol of the City of Light.
Arc de Triomphe, Paris

One of the most famous arches in history, the Arc de Triomphe was ordered by Napoleon in 1806 to commemorate his victories, but he was ousted by the Arc before it was ever finished. Now, the Arc has engravings of French generals who commanded French troops during Napoleon's reign. The design is based off the Arch of Titus in Rome. The Arc was built between 1806-1836. It is located on the Champs-Élysées.
The Colosseum, Italy

The Colosseum is probably the most impressive building of the Roman Empire. It used to be the largest building of its era. It was built around 70 AD, and finished around 80 AD, by Emporer Vespasian. He died in 79 AD. The Colosseum was built on an artificial lake in the center of Rome. It could hold 55, 000 spectators, and was 159 feet tall. Entertainment such as comical acts, showing of exotic animals, or death between gladiators against gladiator, or gladiator against animal. Entertainment like this would last for days.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is another recognizable landmark of Italy. It is located in the town of Pisa, in the Tuscany region. It is 183 feet tall and has eight stories. It was started in 1173 and stopped in 1185 because Pisa went to war with Florence. During the year of war, the tower started to lean due to loose soil and a badly laid foundation. The tower was then built again in 1272 by architect Giovanni di Simone built the walls on one side taller to help even it out. Building was again postponed 35 years later until it was finally finished in 1319. The tower has had several adjustments to help it to stop moving to the south. It can probably last another 200 years.
Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany

The Neuschwanstien Castle is the most famous castle in all of Europe. It is called the "fairy tale castle". It is located in the state of Bavaria, near Fussen. The creator was King Ludwig II, also known as the "fairytale king". He was a great admirer of the famous composer, Richard Wagner. Therefore, he wanted to build a castle for himself, based on Wager's operas. Construction started in 1869. It was supposed to be finished within 3 years, but Ludwig II wanted it to be perfect-no excuses. The castle wasn't even finished after Ludwig's death in 1886-until 7 weeks later. It actually had toilets, heated air, and running water. Neuschwanstien literally means "New Swan Castle" again based off of Wagner's characters. It also inspired Walt Disney's Cinderella Castle in Disney World.
Tower Bridge, England

This Victorian style bridge is one of the most famous bridges in the world. It crosses the Thames River, and goes to a different part of London. It was built from 1876-1894. Over 450 workers were needed to build the 265 meter long bridge. At the time, many people disliked the Victorian style, but it has been one of London's most famous symbols. It is not to be confused with "London Bridge is Falling Down"-that refers to a different bridge. Go inside and see the observe the Victorian engine room, where people can learn more about the bridge and it's history.



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World Landmarks - West Europe (Countries of the World - Sites & Buildings)    -    Author : Joan - USA


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last update : 2014-06-09

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