| Hello, whoa, you are so beautiful today ! We are the 22th of December, 2017 and I finished my examens, yeah ! And what do I do after finishing examens ? Yes, writing French lessons here ! It will be easy stuff, don't worry. We will learn L'infinitif and La conjugaison.
What a infinitive is ? L'infinitif, or infinitive, is the basic form of the verb, there is 3 groups of verbs in French called "groupes verbaux" :
The 1st one is those finishing by -er like manger (to eat), regarder (to stare/to watch), rigoler (to laugh).
The 2nd one is those finishing by -ir like finir (to finish), choisir (to choose)
The 3rd one is a big mess, we put the verbs which do not enter to a category, like verbs finishing in -oir as voir (to see), savoir (to know) or finishing by -re like prendre (to take) and the verb aller (to go).
You understood that we are not in Britain's language, we can't put "you + verb at infinitive", it would be senseless in French so we will have to conjugate it according to the tense.
Exemple of why conjugaison is important : If we literally translate from English : "Bonjour, pouvoir-je avoir l'addition s'il vous plaît ?" but it would be with the conjugaison "Bonjour, puis-je avoir l'addition s'il vous plaît ?" (may I have the check please ?) : in both examples, you died of a heart attack because you ate for too expensive.
We will see the conjugaison of the auxiliaries "to be" and "to have", very important, at the present tense or "présent de l'indicatif" :
To be is Être.
Je suis (I am)
Tu es (you are)
Il/Elle/On est (he/she is)
Nous sommes (we are)
Vous êtes (you are)
Ils/Elles sont (they are)
See ? That was pretty easy... to read but it's another thing to learn it.
In English, we don't know the difference between "tu" and "vous", "tu" is used at the singulary to "tutoyer" and "vous" can be used at plural or to "vouvoyer" (a formal form of speaking to an adult or to your boss, even if he is a singular person, you won't use "tu").
Finally, "on" is used as a singular "nous", a informal form to say "nous".
To have is Avoir.
J'ai (I have)
Tu as (you have)
Il/Elle/On a (he/she has)
Nous avons (we have)
Vous avez (you have)
Ils/Elles ont (they have)
It is almost the only verbs which have particular conjugaisons : all other verbs have similar conjugaisons according to their groupe verbal.
This lesson is short I know but pretty intense so try to learn this and we will see us later, have a nice day !