| Lernu Esperanton en la reto!Learn Esperanto at the internet
If you want to start learning Esperanto, you should first know the basics of the language. How does it work?
| Class || Ends with
| Nouns || -o
| Adj. || -a
| Verbs* || -i
| Adverbs** || -e
* Whole verb, example: to go = iri
** Most Adverbs end with -e, not all of them.
Nouns are things you can use the words the, a or an for. For example:
In Esperanto, they all end with the letter O. But Esperanto doesn't know the words a and an. You just don't use them. There is a word for the, it is called la.
a boy/boy: knabo
the boy: la knabo
a year: jaro
the year: la jaro
How to make them plural? Just put a J behind it!
the boys: la knaboj
the years: la jaroj
If a noun is the object in a sentence, it gets an extra N. I will make some sentences to show you how it works.
I have a dog.
What do I (subject) have? Answer: a dog
I = mi
to have = havi
a dog = hundo
Mi havas* hundon.
* verbs will be learnt later.
§2, Adjectives and §3, Verbs will come soon!